Tuesday, November 06, 2018 Last Updated 13 Min 21 Sec ago Malayalam Edition
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Abraham Chettissery, Indian Member-Amnesty International
Friday 15 Dec 2017 02.06 PM

REFUGEE CRISIS, A GLOBAL CHANLLENGE

Rohingya Refugees, global challenge

The issues being faced by refugees all over the world have now become complexity of a global problem which has also been taken up as a premier philanthropic concern under the initiative of the UN leaders. Refugees are the displaced people in the world who were estimated at more than 65 million in 2016. According to UN, they have been constrained to flee homes. In 2015, a statistical report showed that 24 people were displaced from their homes every minute of every day, and they mostly prefer to enter Europe and the United States. It should be understood that about 60% Syrians are now displaced from their homes. Nowadays more than 12.5 million Syrians are displaced, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of global Refugee Data.

Besides, European Union countries including Norway and Switzerland received a record 1.3 million refugees in 2015 and about 50% of the refugees in 2015 were from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. Moreover, 7, 72,000 applications are pending to be decided in favour of the refugees in
Germany, Hungary and Sweden. So also more than one million migrants have applied for asylum in Europe between July 2015 and May 2016. Europe witnesses a rise in the number of minors seeking asylum, most from Afghanistan. It is also reported that 50% of the refugees entered the U.S. in 2016 were Muslims. 1951 United Nations Convention defines a refugee as an individual who: "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable or — unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country." According to the definition, many migrants are not deemed to be refugees.

Hence the migrants who move primarily for economic reasons are not termed as refugees. But on the contrary, they fall under the rubric of "economic migrants" if they move in extreme poverty. Another section of the people leaving their own countries is Asylum Seekers, and usually they arrive in a country seeking to be recognized and identified as refugees. If their claim is unaccepted, they become Rejected Asylum Seekers. Similarly it shall be viewed very seriously with much concern that 40% of the refugees are in Asia, nearly 27 percent in Europe, slightly over 25% in Africa, 5% in North America, just under 3% in Latin America and the Caribbean, and less than one percent in Oceania. The issues
relating to the protection of refugees and stateless people form the essence of the protection of human rights. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) enforces to provide protection to refugees at global level with a view to ascertain social justice to
all sections of people across the world. In spite of all those practices and conventions, the present status and living conditions of the Rohingyas from Myanmar should be subject to a detailed discussion and debate. The Rohingya

Muslims are being persecuted by the Myanmar Army and police in Rakhine State in the western region of the country. The brutal attack of the army and police of Myanmar on the Rohingya Muslims is deemed to be infringement of human rights. It has been widely criticized by the United Nations and Amnesty international. The international community of philanthropists and human rights activists severally criticizes Aung San Suu Kyi, the de facto head of the Government of Myanmar. The military attack is a crime against the entire humanity as well. India, being a country that follows the ‘Five Principles’, has a moral responsibility to protect and shelter the Rohingya refugees irrespective of their nationality, race or religion, failing which it will cause and lead to the disastrous and tragic end of thousands and lakhs of innocent people who become stateless refugees.

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Abraham Chettissery, Indian Member-Amnesty International
Friday 15 Dec 2017 02.06 PM
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