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Abraham Chettissery
Saturday 09 Dec 2017 03.44 PM

INFRINGEMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS ACROSS THE WORLD VS RULING CLASSES

Human Rights Day

Human rights activists in the 21st century, with much concern, allege that, even sixty years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the basic human problems mostly remain the same, and in many parts of the world including India, the political bureaucrats follow the same oppressive measures with a view to suppress genuine social activists. Violations are reported in every part of the world. According to Amnesty International’s 2009 World Report, individuals are:

• Tortured or abused in at least 81 countries

• Face unfair trials in at least 54 countries

• Restricted in their freedom of expression in at least 77 countries

Not only that, but women, adivasis/tribals and children in particular are marginalized in many ways, the press is not free in most of the countries, and dissenters are silenced. Human rights violations still question the fundamental rights of laymen in the world today.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights assures absolute Right to live free.

“Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.”

An estimated 6,500 people were killed in 2007 in armed conflict in Afghanistan—nearly half being noncombatant civilian deaths at the hands of insurgents. Hundreds of civilians were also killed in suicide attacks by armed terrorist groups. In Brazil, according to official records, police killed at least 1,260 individuals in 2007—the highest total to date. All incidents were officially labeled “acts of resistance” and received little or no investigation. In Uganda, 1,500 people die each week in the internally displaced person camps. According to the World Health Organization, 500,000 have died in these camps. Vietnamese authorities forced at least 75,000 drug addicts and prostitutes into 71 overpopulated “rehab” camps, labeling the detainees at “high risk” of contracting HIV/AIDS but providing no treatment. For the last many years, Adivasis in India have borne the brunt of development-induced displacement.

In spite of the huge amounts kept apart for the welfare of the Adivasis, they are still confined to thatched huts, begging for one time bread. Their basic problems remain unsolved, and the Adivasis are being depressed, suppressed and oppressed in almost all parts of the world. Their identity and right to life are challenged by upper castes, especially in North India. The prevailing protective laws have not prevented them from having their lands taken, their livelihoods destroyed, and their rights trampled on. All throughout the ages people have been governed by rulers who followed different system and forms of government and used their power and authority to suppress the common masses. Human Rights, really speaking, refers to the certain basic or fundamental rights which are universal for the entire humanity. All people are entitled to enjoy their rights irrespective of Caste, creed, color, race, origin, sex, religion etc.

The Principle Objective of human rights for protection of human life and liberty, to preserve the dignity of people, promoting social development, maintaining equality etc. In India the violations of human rights is equal to the violations of the democratic principles ensured in Part III of the Constitution of India. Human rights are no longer the concerned of any particular country and became an international issue. The United Nations has adopted a charter of Human Rights for the respect of the dignity of all people, and accordingly on 10th December 1948, the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights for the protection of Human Rights. India, being one of the member countries of the UN, was a signatory to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, but the violations and atrocities are still mercilessly going on.

Due to this wide scale violation of human rights like extra-judicial killings, custodial deaths and atrocities by the security force particularly in Kashmir, the Indian Government set up the National Human Rights Commission in 1993. Despite the basic and fundamental rights common people are denied due to the economic and political interest of politicians, big industrialist and power-drunk people. There are numerous incidents of the violations of human rights. Some of them as reported are described below: 'With the rising crimes, violations, scams and scandals human rights are being violated and taken for granted and in the recent years conditions have become worst and deteriorated in India. Violence against women is increasing at an alarming rate and they are at a high risk of sexual harassment, trafficking, and forced labour including violations of equal participation in political, economic and social life. In fact the recent molestation case in Bengaluru was shocking and condemned by all sections of our society.

Just after the New Year incident another molestation case occurred in Bangalore which was triggered by two hooligans nearby East Bengaluru. The circumstances for women's rights and their freedom seem to have deteriorated. This unfortunate incident reminds about the Nirbhaya Case, one of the most heinous crime of gang rape of a young women which took place on 16th December 2012. Despite the various strong laws and acts framed by the government, women across India still continue to suffer from domestic violence, acid attacks, rape and murder etc'. 'Another incident which violated the right to security of people was Indore-Patna deadliest train accident which took place on 20 November 2016. This accident took the life of more than 150 people and over 200 people got injured. This accident was one of the deadly derailment of the year.

It was one of the worst rail accident in 6 years. The Main reason of this deadliest accident was because of the casual behavior of the politician of our country who are accountable to the people security. Because of their casual behaviour and lenience towards their work, the outcome was that the innocent people who have voted for such politician to be their representative had to sacrifice with their life. Although the Union Rail Minister Suresh Prabhu presented a fancy rail budget for the year 2016 but the bitter truth lies in the fact that Indian Railway which carries more than 13 million passengers daily still has a very poor safety record, with thousands of people dying in accidents every year'.

So also iIn June, Security forces who were operating against Maoist insurgents were accused of serious human rights violations like sexual harassment and killing of innocent tribal villagers. According to a report given by National Commission of Scheduled Tribe, security forces in Odisha killed five tribal villagers including children and claimed that they were killed during anti-Maoist operations. A tribal women of Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district was forcefully abducted by security personnel and was gang raped and ultimately killed and it was alleged that she was killed in gunfight with armed Maoists. It was a massive and well planned attack.

Besides, 'a violent protest erupted in the month of January 2016 after the suicide case of a 25-year-old Dalit student named Rohit Vemula and this case sparked nationwide protests which entrenched caste based discrimination. Many students and activist stormed on the streets and protested for reform in higher education'. Now the issues of Women empowerment have been taken up as a Human right issue. It is high time that women in our society should be treated at par with men in all the field of our society. We have strong laws and a powerful judiciary. Writers, thinkers, journalists and even students are denied their rights to freedom of speech and expression. The poor and downtrodden classes are still under threat, begging for peace and justice. It must be the subject matter of our national discussion and debate for the development of India.

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Abraham Chettissery
Saturday 09 Dec 2017 03.44 PM
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